EU endorses key Relief, Recovery and Peace initiatives of the COP28
At COP28, Commissioner for Crisis Management, Janez Lenarčič, will endorse on behalf of the EU two new flagship initiatives to address the human impact of the climate crisis and emphasising the interconnectedness of climate change, conflicts, and growing humanitarian needs.
The flagship initiatives the EU will endorse are:
- “Getting Ahead of Disasters: A Charter on Finance for Managing Risks.” The Charter sets out principles for collaborative action to ensure better use of finance to manage risks and protect people in the most vulnerable countries from climate-related disasters. It also promotes and encourages anticipatory action and sustained disaster risk financing. Commissioner Lenarčič will announce EU support for this initiative at an event organized by the COP28 Presidency and the Risk Informed Early Action Partnership.
- "Declaration on Climate, Relief, Recovery and Peace." This initiative focuses on boosting financial support for climate resilience in war-torn and fragile settings. Crucially, the Declaration calls for enhanced financial support for climate adaptation and resilience, while being underpinned by a “package of solutions”, encompassing individual pledges and announcements by Declaration signatories. Commissioner Lenarčič will announce the EU's endorsement of the Declaration at the COP28 Presidency's event.
During today's events at COP28's Relief, Recovery and Peace Day, the Commissioner will take part in a number events, including a Ministerial event on “Preparedness save lives!: Strengthening partnerships to improve disaster preparedness, early warning, and climate resilience”. He will also attend a high-level event “From Relief to Climate-Resilient Development: Scaling up integrated resilience Actions to protect people and planet and reduce future humanitarian needs”, organised by the COP28 Presidency, the World Food Programme (WFP) and the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO).
The EU is a leading humanitarian and development donor globally. In the past 4 years, the funding allocated by the EU to humanitarian assistance has been continuously growing: in 2022, the EU's final humanitarian budget amounted to over €2,6 billion, €440 million more than the previous year. In 2023, the EU aid budget will reach a similar level.
The EU is strengthening early warning systems in vulnerable areas through capacity development and development cooperation. Last year alone, this amounted to nearly 700 million euro. The EU's development cooperation policy foresees a 30% spending target for climate action focused on mitigation and adaption measures. Only a few months ago, we adopted a comprehensive action package focusing on the climate and security nexus – the Joint Communication on ‘a new outlook on the climate and security nexus'.
In the area of humanitarian aid specifically, the EU funds projects to strengthen disaster response capacities at national and local levels. In 2022, the EU invested €76.5 million in 69 disaster preparedness actions in more than 40 countries. In 2023, the budget for targeted disaster preparedness actions amounts to over €78 million. For next year, we expect to keep the level and again dedicate around 80 million euros to fund projects that build disaster preparedness within vulnerable populations. In addition, the EU supports around 30 projects related to anticipatory action and has committed to scale up anticipatory action within EU humanitarian aid programmes.
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